Hinduism

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Introduction


Hinduism - the third largest religion after Christianity and Islam has a big dominance in Indian subcontinent . It is considered as the oldest religion.It has three major sects namely Vaishnavism, Shaivism, and Shaktism.Considered as the traditional way of life, its origin is beyond human history. The three supreme Gods Hindus worship are Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva. Lord Brahma is considered as the creator of the universe, Lord Vishnu as the preserver and Lord Shiva as the destroyer. Shakti is the female form of the power.


Hindu worship at a place called Temple. It is a place where deity either as an idol or in some other form is installed in sanctum area. There may be some other deities too in the temple. The rituals, traditions, vary from place to place in India. Even one can see a wide variety in the construction of temple across India. Hindus do puja at the temple or at home. The deity in the temple is seen as a manifest form of divinity. Meditation, chanting mantras , singing hymns etc are the forms , a hindu follower may do as a daily ritual. These practice make them focus on the deity or the thought. The ritual of fire oblation or havana is a practice mentioned in Hinduism's holy books giving it a great importance. Birth, marriage and death are the occasions which attract a definite set of traditions to be followed. Devotional song called Bhajans in Hindi is an another form of expressing love and devotion to the God.


Hinduism lay big importance to Brahmins. Some hindus renounced the world and become saint in order to engage themselves in penance, meditation and other practice to attain salvation. The four vedas are the primary texts of Hinduism. They are Rig Veda, Samveda, Yajur Veda, Atharv Veda . Other texts are Puranas like Vishnu Puran, Garuda Puran, Skand Puran etc, Upanishad, BhagavadGita.